Tenerife - Cape Verde
The ship leaves Europe behind and heads south towards Africa
Tenerife - Sal
Sat. 29 - 09 - '18
Fri. 10 - 08 - '18
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During this leg the ship leaves Europa behind and heads south to Africa. Departing in Tenerife, we expect good sailing weather with nice temperatures and maybe even blue water swimming. After about 9 days the Cape Verde islands come into sight.
The Canary Islands are an archipelago of Spain located in the Atlantic Ocean. Tenerife is the largest and most popular island of the seven Canary Islands. On the island you can find the third highest volcano in the world; Teide volcano at 3,718 meters. A climb up the mountain will give you exceptional views over the island.
From the 14th century onwards, numerous visits were made by sailors from Mallorca, Portugal and Genoa. In 1402 the Castillian conquest began, with the expedition of French explorers to Lanzarote, Fuerteventura and El Hierro. The natives of other islands resisted the invaders for almost a century. Tenerife was the last island that was conquered and incorporated into the Kingdom of Castile.
The Spanish enslaved many of the natives of whom many died of new infectious diseases. Many of Tenerife’s pine forests were cleared to make fields for crops such as sugar cane, wine grapes, cochineal and plantains. The islands became an important stopping point for Spanish traders on their way to the New World. This brought quite some prosperities to the islands.
However, the crops-based economy of the islands faced competition of Spain’s American colonies, which caused some severe recessions on the islands. During the 18th, 19th and 20th century, many families emigrated to the New World due to fewer economic possibilities and the relative isolation of the islands. After the establishment of a democratic constitutional monarchy in Spain, autonomy was granted to the Canaries in 1982.
The islands of Cabo Verde are situated in the Atlantic Ocean, over 600 kilometers west of Senegal at approximately 16 degrees North. Cabo Verde consists of 9 inhabited and a few uninhabited islands.
Cape Verde was discovered by Portuguese navigators in 1456. After the foundation of the first permanent European settlement in the tropics of Ribeira Grande in 1462 was established, the islands became an important station in the transatlantic slave trade. However, the islands’ prosperity brought also unwanted attention in the form of many pirates.
From the 18th century onwards, deforestation and overgrazing resulted in many droughts. To escape hunger, many people left the islands and migrated to New England to work on American whaling ships. Only after the fall of the dictator Salazar, Cape Verde gained its independence in 1975.
Cape Verde has a tropical climate. The sea temperature stays around 25 degrees Celsius and the often-strong trade winds originate from the northeast. It rarely rains and the bright sun shines constantly. On some days the fine dusty desert sand limits the sunlight (and even your sight). All islands are volcanic, but at the same time the terrain varies widely. The landscape consists of steep terrace fields with bananas and coffee plantations, sand deserts, black volcano’s and a fierce deep blue ocean. On some of the islands rare seabirds can be found. The waters are full of fly-fish, tuna, sea turtles and whales.